From dentists and ordinary people can often hear warnings about the fragility of tooth enamel. If you believe them all, it turns out that enamel is almost the most vulnerable thing in our body. Absolutely all dental procedures, bad habits, unhealthy diet, injuries, stress, various medications are harmful to her. But what can we say, even with the usual cleaning of teeth, you need to be careful. But is it really so fragile and is it possible to restore the enamel of the teeth?
What is tooth enamel and what is it for?
Our tooth is a rather complex system consisting of several indivisible components. Everyone knows about the existence of roots, the crown (the outer part), nerve endings, but do you know that in addition to this, the tooth can be divided into layers.
In the middle is the pulp – a bundle of nerve endings and blood vessels. She is responsible for feeding hard tissue and it is usually called nerves. Next is dentin, the main mineral part of the tooth. The thickness of this layer varies from 2 to 6 mm, depending on the type of tooth. The final layer is enamel.
Enamel is an outer protective sheath. Contrary to the warnings that we talked about earlier, it is the most durable material in the human body. She owns another record – the lowest water content. Actually because of this she is so strong
Tooth care is the key to oral hygiene. The health of the whole tooth depends on its health. If the disease could overcome this natural barrier, there would be no other obstacles on its way.
Actually because of this you can hear so many warnings about the fragility of the enamel. In fact, it is very durable, but every day a lot of various loads are formed on it, starting from chewing food and ending with chemical exposure. Still, you should regret the protective layer and not check it for durability, because the restoration of tooth enamel is a rather complicated procedure.
Why is tooth enamel damaged?
Our own irresponsible attitude – this is the first durable damage. Each of you has seen how a person, for example, opens a beer can with his teeth or is trying to get to the bottom of what is literally beyond his teeth. Yet such a reason is not the only one. The outer shell may be damaged due to the following factors:
1) Inherited precaution. It is revealed that the qualitative composition of enamel is determined at the genetic level. If your parents had similar problems with their teeth, then most likely they will appear sooner or later.
2) Health of the body. This factor affects the state of the exterior cladding, both directly and indirectly. Various diseases affect the body’s mineral balance directly. Indirect harm is caused by diseases, the treatment of which involves taking antibiotics tetracycline and doxycycline. They stain and weaken the outer layer of the molars and incisors.
3) Anatomical features. Incorrect bite or abnormal teeth can also affect enamel. With such problems, the load on the dentition increases significantly, and the man himself does not even notice.
4) Imbalance of various substances. The human body is one of the greatest creations of nature. It is all interconnected and works like a clock. Any violation of this balance leads to various problems. Most of them are local, that is, they affect the entire body simultaneously. These problems primarily include the lack or excess of a substance in the body. The protective layer of teeth is primarily affected by fluoride and calcium.
5) Wrong selection of hygiene products. For each person, the thickness and quality of the outer protective layer of molars and incisors are very different. Based on this, manufacturers of oral care products create toothbrushes and toothpastes of varying hardness. Unfortunately, very few people pay attention to this, and very often the first item is missing from the shelf. And this is the biggest mistake: too hard a toothbrush will scratch, too soft – will not be able to clean the oral cavity as it should.
6) Folk remedies whitening and care. This is not to say that all these methods are dangerous. Some really make sense. However, none of them should not be used without consulting a dentist. Cases where people get burn burns due to bleaching with peroxide, or deep scratches due to cleaning with soda with additional substances are too common. The same can be said about the various "miracle" means of bleaching at home, whether it be cavities or caps.
There are other causes of damage to the enamel, but they are not so common.
What are the ways to restore tooth enamel?
Immediately it is worth mentioning that home recovery methods do not exist. Of course, it is possible to do some professional procedures on your own, but this will result in a lot of consequences.
At the moment, the most popular methods of restoring a protective layer are fluoridation and remineralization.
Fluorine is a very important element for the health of enamel. During fluoridation, the dentist covers the teeth with varnish, the active substance of which is fluoride.
Enamel is saturated with microelement, strengthens and calms down, especially after various professional readings. In more than 60% of the cases, it was found that small cracks on the surface of the protective layer become noticeably smaller.
However, fluoride has a downside. Its excess will lead to more serious consequences than a shortage. It is not recommended to carry out fluoridation more often than once a year.
An excellent alternative to fluoridation is remineralization. It is carried out according to the same principle as the first procedure, however, in addition to fluorine, this time in the lacquer contains much more useful substances, and the concentration of fluorine is within the limits of permissible. You can repeat it every six months.
The effect of the cumulative procedure. You need to spend a whole course to be sure that the protective shell is really strong.
What to do if the enamel is badly damaged?
The above two methods are effective only if the enamel is slightly damaged. With more serious defects that are visible to the naked eye, only heavy artillery will help.
Dentistry has gone so far that even such an incredible operation has become possible. Implantation consists in applying a special compound to the enamel surface that is 90% similar to the protective layer. The combination of this material and natural enamel occurs at the cellular level. After completion of the operation, neither the patient nor those around will be able to distinguish between artificial and natural enamel.
Such a procedure not only to restore the appearance of the teeth, but also helps to hide minor flaws, such as yellowness, chips and scratches.
The main reason why such restoration of tooth enamel is not common is its price. In addition, this is a rather complicated operation and it is not performed in every clinic.
Scratches and chips on the protective layer can be restored with composites. Such materials are used for more serious damage to the molars and incisors, as well as for sealing.
The operation of the composite restoration is to apply the composition to the damaged surface of the teeth. In order that the incisors do not seem cumbersome, they have to be ground a little. The composite is applied in layers and gradually eased by a halogen lamp.
The end result is very natural and quite durable. With proper care, such a restoration will last at least 5 years.
Nevertheless, it is impossible to call composite restoration a good idea for the restoration of enamel. Still, the dentist has even more to destroy this very protective layer. It turns out that the material does not restore, but replaces the outer lining.
Veneers are the finest ceramic plates that are fixed on the front surface of the incisors and canines. They not only hide the defects of enamel, but also can correct a small curvature of the teeth and the gap between the incisors.
Compared to veneers, the lifetime of the composite restoration will seem ridiculous. On average, such a product is about 10 years. And all this time it will not be scratched, will not yellow and in general will look like the first day.
Unfortunately, the installation of veneers is also accompanied by severe damage to the enamel. After removing the plate, no means to the tooth will not help. It will remain without a protective layer. The patient will have to either re-install the veneers, or resort to more serious methods of restoring teeth.
So it is better not to restore the enamel, but to preserve it.
How to save tooth enamel?
1) Visit your dentist regularly. Only he can detect the problem before it harms.
2) Take responsibility for oral hygiene.
3) Choose the right cleaning products.
4) Try to eat as little as possible sweet and sour, especially if you have already begun to appear the first signs of oral diseases.
5) Do not expose your teeth to excess load.
6) Eat right. Your diet should be rich in all necessary trace elements and substances.
7) Regularly take courses multivitamin complexes, especially in the winter.
How much are the procedures for the restoration of tooth enamel?
Fluoridation and remineralization are fairly accessible methods. Their price starts from 50–60 rubles for the processing of one tooth. Composite restoration will cost 3-4 thousand rubles, veneers – from 10 thousand rubles.