Headache is a symptom familiar to everyone. It is one of the main causes of temporary disability and a symptom of more than 40 diseases. But rarely does anyone immediately go to the hospital to look for the cause of their illness, most prefer to drink a pill for a headache and get some rest. Of course, a pill can temporarily relieve the condition, but if over time it does not get better, then the doctor must be visited.
Before you go to the hospital, it is very important to listen to yourself and determine what kind of pain spoils your life – acute, dull, squeezing or bursting, constant or paroxysmal. It is also important to determine locally its localization – forehead, temples or back of the head, whether there are any associated symptoms, such as dizziness, photophobia, nausea or vomiting. In addition, it is worth considering what it can be connected with, with the weather, work, food or medicine and
Headache treatment for migraine or tension headache
The head may be sore due to many reasons. If it is an injury, a decrease or increase in pressure or temperature, then the algorithm of action is more or less clear. But What if a headache starts suddenly without any apparent reason? In such a situation, you can suspect a migraine or tension headache. For migraine headache usually affects one side of the head, the region of the forehead or temples. Before the onset of pain, there may be tingling in the limbs, photophobia, nausea, and strange smells, all called the aura.
The causes of migraine are not yet known, there is no way to treat it either, so for people suffering from this disease, it is advisable to always carry headache tablets with you. It is necessary to understand that such pain is not life-threatening and brings nothing but discomfort. But discomfort is sometimes so strong that it is completely impossible to endure it. And modern remedies for headaches help in time to stop the attack to prevent its further development.
The best pills for migraine headache are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The most safe and modern pills are based on ibuprofen. You can choose imat, ibuprom, nurofen, brufen or any other drug with a given active ingredient. They not only relieve pain, but also significantly reduce the manifestations of aura. In addition, these drugs have a minimum of side effects, and the pain disappears for almost the whole day.
Vascular headache and its treatment
There is such pain when excessive constriction or dilation of the vessels of the brain. This usually happens when blood pressure rises or falls. If you have infrequent headaches and cannot distinguish between them, it is better to measure the pressure immediately. In this situation, the correct treatment is to increase or decrease the pressure with the help of special drugs.. But you can take these drugs only on the recommendation of a doctor.
Analgesics may temporarily save you from pain. This is a group of very well-known and popular drugs such as analgin and baralgin, as well as nobol, minalgin, optalgin, pyretin, ronalgin, nebagin, spazdolzin and others. Such a drug brings relief for only 2 hours, so they should be consumed several times a day, 1-2 tablets, but not more than 6 tablets per day. While taking this drug, the urine may turn red, but this should not alarm you.
When lowering the pressure can help citramon – an inexpensive combination preparation that contains acetylsalicylic acid, paracetamol and caffeine. It slightly increases blood pressure and helps to cope with pain. It is necessary to take this drug one tablet every four hours until the discomfort disappears.
Liquorodynamic pain and its elimination
Headache may occur when pressure drops in the cerebrospinal fluid. Painful sensations are accompanied by stretching of the meninges and changing the location of the brain structures. Usually, such pain is accompanied by arching sensations in the skull and is noticeably worse when coughing.
This pain is more typical for people with high blood pressure, but there may be other reasons for its occurrence. Sometimes this pain is a symptom of meningitis, a tumor, a head injury or an abscess. As already said, such pain is too dangerous a symptom to be simply ignored, eliminated with an anesthetic. Moreover, when taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or analgesics, this kind of pain decreases slightly. If such pain occurs, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible and make a correct diagnosis; self-treatment in this situation may be too dangerous.
Psychogenic pain treatment
Psychogenic pain usually occurs with a variety of mental disorders, such as phobias or depression. In this case, any organic disorders in humans are absent, but the pain is felt and prevents to live a normal life. Most often, people who suffer from such pain do not solve problems, but simply push them deep into the subconscious.
Diagnosing such pain is extremely difficult, since most patients refuse to recognize the psychogenic nature of the disease, fearing that they will be considered insane. They insist on searching for a somatic disease and often find a not very conscientious doctor who, for their money, begins treatment of a non-existent disease.
The proper treatment of such pain is getting rid of stress. It is necessary to understand that there is no pain itself, so the medicine will not help here. There is a feeling of pain, which can only be eliminated by defeating the problem that caused the pain. Psychotherapists usually deal with this, sometimes they have to take sedatives.
Headache treatment during pregnancy
During pregnancy, many women have frequent headaches. The main cause of this phenomenon is hormonal imbalance and a change in blood volume. But there may be other reasons. Most pregnant women ask whether it is possible to take painkillers during pregnancy. It depends on the type of pain and on the drug. If you know for sure that pain is not associated with threatening conditions, then you can take medicine on the basis of paracetamol, citramon or no-silo. Of course, even these pills are not the best option for pregnant women and cannot be considered absolutely safe, but their harm is usually minimal.
The list of drugs that are strictly forbidden during the berm period includes all drugs based on a narcotic substance – tryptamine, such as anti-migraine, amigren, and anti-migraine. Also during pregnancy, drugs such as propranolol, ergotamine, nurofen and aspirin are contraindicated. They can cause uterine contractions, bleeding and delayed baby development.
When pregnancy is more important to prevent the occurrence of pain. This can be done with proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle.. It is important to spend a lot of time in the fresh air. It is also necessary to drink enough water and try not to be nervous. If the pain has already appeared, you can lie down a bit in the dark with a cool compress on the head, make a light massage of the neck area, relax and listen to pleasant music.
The most effective headache medicine
To choose a cure for a headache, without knowing the diagnosis and without the advice of a doctor, of course, is impossible. But familiar with the range of drugs that can help solve this problem will be very useful. It is also important to learn how to cope with pain without medication.
As for pills, all medicines for headache are divided into several groups:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – These are the most common drugs that have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. These include most of the pills familiar to all, such as aspirin, analgin, paracetamol, ibuprofen. All of them are relatively harmless, but there is some negative effect on the digestive tract.
- Methylxanthines – drugs that stimulate the brain and enhance the exchange resources. These drugs are most effective for pain caused by a decrease in pressure. This group includes such drugs as Caffeine sodium benzoate, Theobromine, Guaranin.
- Barbiturates – drugs for severe pain with anticonvulsant and hypnotic effects. With long-term use, they are addictive, so they are used only as a last resort.
- Ergot alkaloids – help to relax and improve cerebral blood flow, these are drugs such as ergometrine, nicergoline, ergotamine.
- Myotropic antispasmodics – The safest drugs that eliminate cramps and pain. These include papaverine, no-silo, drotaverin, dympatalin and others.
- Benzodiazepines – peculiar tranquilizers that soothe and relax, thereby reducing pain. This group includes Midazolam, Sibazon, Diazepam, etc.
- M-holinoblokatory – drugs blocking muscarinic receptors. They simply inhibit the spread of pain, but have quite a few side effects, such as dry mouth and increased pressure. This group includes Platifillin and Spasmomen.
- Tricyclic antidepressants – These are psychotropic drugs that are good for migraine.
- Narcotic analgesics – not very effective in the treatment of headaches, in addition, have a lot of side effects. The most popular medicine in this group is codeine and all its derivatives.
- Beta blockers – These are drugs that help to expand the blood vessels and internal arteries and thus remove the pain during their narrowing. This group includes drugs such as Atenolol, Metaprolol, Propranolol, and Obsidan.
But all patients need to remember that the choice of drugs can occur only after the correct diagnosis and only a doctor. Self-medication in this situation is dangerous.